Manfred Gröppel, Ph.D.

May 6, 2020 –  Mult Scler Relat Disord

publication description Background: Inhibition of dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) is an established mechanism for the treatment of relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Currently approved treatments have several shortcomings. Consequently, new and effective treatments with improved safety and convenience profiles are sought after by patients.

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May 2, 2020 • Eur J Drug Metab Pharmacokinet

Background and objective: Vidofludimus is a potent and selective inhibitor of human mitochondrial enzyme dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH). The clinical efficacy and safety profile of vidofludimus has been analyzed in patients suffering from rheumatoid arthritis and Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. In previous sudies, hematuria at higher doses occurred in close temporal relationship to vidofludimus administration and appeared to be dose related. The present report describes the results from two phase 1 studies conducted in healthy male subjects to investigate the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics after single and multiple ascending (SAD and MAD) oral doses of IMU-838 (vidofludimus calcium, tablets containing a specific polymorph). The effect of food on the pharmacokinetics of IMU-838 was also assessed in the SAD study.

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Dec 19, 2019

Introduction: The dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) inhibitors leflunomide and teriflunomide are immunomodulatory agents approved to treat rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and multiple sclerosis, respectively, and are actively being investigated as therapeutic agents for other immune-related diseases; however, both structurally related compounds have a number of potentially serious adverse effects. Vidofludimus, a new selective second-generation DHODH inhibitor, is chemically distinct from leflunomide/teriflunomide and appears to exhibit a distinct safety profile.

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publication date Oct 2010 publication description Inflamm. Bowel Dis., 2010 vol. 16(10) pp. 1763-77

publication description BACKGROUND: Dihydroorotate dehydrogenase (DHODH) is a key enzyme involved in pyrimidine biosynthesis. DHODH is a known target for the treatment of autoimmune diseases. 4SC-101 is a novel immunosuppressive drug that inhibits DHODH. A goal of our study was to examine the in vitro effects of 4SC-101 on IL-17 production by mononuclear cells. In addition, we evaluated the efficacy of 4SC-101 against acute TNBS (2,4,6-tritrobenzene sulfonic acid) and chronic dextran sodium sulfate (DSS)-induced colitis in mice.
METHODS: Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy human donors were used to evaluate cellular proliferation and cytokine (IL-17, TNF-α) production. The oral effects of 4SC-101 (100 or 200 mg/kg) were examined following induction of chronic colitis by the administration of 3% DSS (4 cycles) to Balb/c mice. Morphometric and histological indices of colitis were evaluated as indicators of drug efficacy. 4SC-101 was also administered for 6 days after the intracolonic administration of TNBS (20 mg in 50% ethanol) to female Balb/c mice. The colons were analyzed for overall macroscopic damage, ulceration, total length, distal segment weight, MPO activity, and histological pathology as indicators for the effectiveness of 4SC-101.
RESULTS: In vitro, 4SC-101 is a potent inhibitor of human DHODH, inhibits lymphocyte proliferation, and uniquely blocks phytohemagglutinin-stimulated IL-17 production by lymphocytes. In vivo, oral administration of 4SC-101 effectively improved both chronic DSS and acute TNBS colitis in mice. In these colitis models the overall efficacy profile of 4SC-101 was similar to that of dexamethasone.
CONCLUSIONS: 4SC-101 is a novel immunosuppressive drug with excellent potential for the treatment of intestinal inflammation.

Fitzpatrick, LR; Deml, L; Hofmann, C; Smann, JS; Groeppel, M; Hamm, S; Lemstra, S; Leban, J; Ammendola, A

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publication date 1995 publication description M. Gröppel, W. Roth, N. Elbel, H.von Seggern, Surf. Sci., 323, 304 (1995).

Additionally I am holder of several patents.